The aim of the Area-wide Asian tiger mosquito was to use and optimize for application at large-scale (area-wide) standard mosquito control strategies. Surveillance provided us with information on timing and primary sources of the Asian tiger mosquito. We performed door-to-door source-reduction approaches for larval control using source-reduction directly and through Education as well as localized applications of larvicides (juvenile growth regulators and monomolecular films) and then, because of access, sustainability, and Economics we optimized truck-mounted applications of larvicides (mostly Bti, but we also tried pyriproxiphen - after obtaining an Experimental Use Protocol). We also successfuly optimized truck-mounted adulticiding with pyrethroids. For Publications and SOPs specifically related to ATM control see below.

Clean_up LV8 Bioassays Bti

Publications about ATM Control


DownloadWilliams GM, Faraji A, Healy S, Farooq M, Gaugler R, Hamilton G, Fonseca DM. 2014. Area wide truck-mounted applications of VectoBac WDG for the control of Aedes albopictus in residential areas: from optimization to operation.PLoS One 9(10): e110035.

DownloadFarajollahi, A., Williams, G., Condon, G., Kesavaraju, B., Unlu, I., and Gaugler, R. 2013. Assessment of a direct application of two Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis formulations for immediate and residual control of Aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 29(4): 385-388.

Nelder MP, Kesavaraju B, Farajollahi A, Healy SP, Unlu I, Crepeau T, Raghavendran A, Fonseca DM, Gaugler R. 2010. Suppressing Aedes albopictus, an emerging vector of dengue and chikungunya viruses, by a novel combination of a monomolecular film and an insect growth regulator. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 82(5):831-837.


Farajollahi A, Healy SP, Unlu I, Gaugler R, Fonseca DM. 2013. Effectiveness of ultra-low volume nighttime applications of an adulticide against diurnal Aedes albopictus, a critical vector of dengue and chikungunya viruses. PLoS One. 11. e49281.

Suman DS, Healy SP, Farajollahi A, Crans SS, Gaugler R. 2012. Efficacy of DUETâ„¢ dual-action adulticides against caged Aedes albopictus with the use of an ultra-low-volume cold aerosol sprayer. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 28(4): 338-340.

Quality Assurance/Quality Control

Bioassays for Methoprene

Bioassays for Bti

Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)

Truck mounted larviciding with Methoprene

Truck mounted larviciding with Bti

Adulticide (DUET) application

Primary Steps for ATM control (SAEF)


(1) SLOW the growth of ATM in the SPRING. Use the Degree-Day model to predict when ATM populations become active in your area. Approximately 1-month before exponential growth (refer to picture above - mid July in NJ) apply Larvicides.

(2) ASSESS efficiency of application with Bioassays.

(3) EDUCATE to control the size of the infestation. Adulticiding will provide temporary relief.

(4) Reduce FALL populations with area-wide applications of Adulticides (mid to end September in NJ).